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Ministry of Education.
Kaua e rangiruatia te hāpai o te hoe; e kore tō tātou waka e ū ki uta

“Painted hoe”, School Journal, level 2, June 2018

25 June 2018

The first two pages of a painted hoe, illustrations of waka

The first peaceful meetings between Māori and Europeans took place in 1769, when James Cook landed in the Tairāwhiti region. During those meetings, Māori traded a number of painted hoe (paddles) for cloth, seeds, potatoes, and other items.

You can find the article and the teaching notes here: Painted hoe, School Journal, level 2, June 2018

Other useful resources

Take a look inside Gisborne's Tairāwhiti Waka

Tairāwhiti waka has been designed for education and training of young people about voyaging on a waka.

Discussion questions

These could include:

  • What were the purposes of the different kinds of waka and hoe waka?
  • Discuss the made, natural, and social world in Aotearoa in the days before the Europeans arrived. How does the technology associated with the waka and the hoe waka relate to each of these?
  • Identify any social and/or environmental issues that might have influenced their practice and the nature of the the waka and hoe waka that Māori produced.
  • Identify some of the differences between the Tairāwhiti waka and the waka illustrated in this article. How have these differences changed how people sail waka? What other changes have occurred in transport from this time until now in New Zealand?

Progress outcomes for discussion starters

Component Indicator Level
Characteristics of technology
  • describe the relationship between technology and the made, natural, and social world
  • identify social and/or environmental issues that may have influenced particular technological practices and/or the attributes of outcomes produced
  • describe how particular technological outcomes have changed over time and identify if this resulted in changing how people do things

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