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Ministry of Education.
Kaua e rangiruatia te hāpai o te hoe; e kore to tātou waka e ū ki uta

Brief development

A brief is a concise document that explains what is wanted and why (the conceptual statement) and lists the characteristics that an outcome must demonstrate to be acceptable (the specifications).

Brief development is a dynamic process – an initial brief is progressively refined to describe and justify the outcome that has been developed. 

Related resources


Student's plans in their workbook

Brief development in years 7–10

In these two videos students share their ideas on specifications for two famous outcomes and creating an initial brief for their own practice.

Student Showcase

A WOW costume inspired by a longhorn beetle

Maia Holder-Monk was one of the lucky year 13 students who designed and constructed a wearable art costume to be displayed in the Te Papa Store window. Maia was initially given some broad attributes required by Te Papa. These attributes grew into a fully developed brief as she researched and made her costume for the window display.

Teaching snapshots

Tēnei au: This is me

Tēnei au was an integrated reo Māori, English, and technology project for year 9. It involved a teacher inquiry about getting to know her students and learning inquiries focused on brief development and language skills.

Muesli bars unit

Year 3–4 students at Silverstream (south) Primary learnt how to write a brief for their need to “create a healthy and yummy snack that will give us energy.”

Brief development: Key ideas (Word 2007, 132 KB)

Acknowledgment: This paper is derived from an earlier version by Dr Vicki Compton and Cliff Harwood.

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