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Ministry of Education.
Kaua e rangiruatia te hāpai o te hoe; e kore to tātou waka e ū ki uta

Not much in farming qualifies as natural

29 March 2014

grass on a white background

Doug Edmeades considers pastures, earthworms, and other aspects of farming, concluding there is little that could be defined as “natural”. He also argues that how “natural” systems are is not a good benchmark for assessing our current and future farming systems. 

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Discussion starters

  • Characteristics of technological outcomes: Use this and other examples to identify technological outcomes in a group of technological and non-technological objects and systems (level 1) and discuss the implications of viewing fitness for purpose in its broadest sense on the manufacture of technological outcomes. (level 8)
  • Characteristics of technology: Use this and other examples to provide opportunities for students to discuss what is meant by the made, natural, and social world and guide them to identify technological outcomes as making up a significant part of the made world (level 1) and discuss technology as intervention by design and explain the impacts and implications of this. (level 8)


Image courtesy of anankkml/FreeDigitalPhotos.net


Keywords: natural, farming, characteristics of technology, characteristics of technological outcomes

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