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Ministry of Education.
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Links in the Technology Curriculum

Links in the Technology Curriculum

Indicators of Progression from the Components of Technological Practice strand of Technology in The New Zealand Curriculum are listed below and have been extracted from Level One, Level Four and Level Eight. Intellectual Property teaching and learning opportunities are interwoven throughout technological activities. Some of these opportunities are identified within this one strand, using the three diverse levels as examples of how they may be incorporated at any level, and within any of the three technology strands of Components of Technological Practice, Technological Knowledge, and the Nature of Technology.

Indicators of Progression from the Components of Technological Practice

Level One

Brief Development

Achievement Objective

  • Describe the outcome they are developing and identify the attributes it should have, taking account of the need or opportunity and available resources (Opportunities here to promote creative thinking. Students ask themselves, "Is this my very own plan or did I get it from someone else? Can I use someone else's plan if I ask them first?")

Indicators of Progression

  • Describe the outcome they are going to produce.
  • Identify attributes of their outcome. Is the outcome my own plan? If not, did I ask?

Planning for Practice

Achievement Objective

  • Outline a general plan to support the development of an outcome, identifying appropriate steps and resources. One appropriate step can include asking permission to borrow or use someone else's plan, or name.

Indicators of Progression

  • Describe what they have done already and the resources they have used so far. A resource can be the owner of a plan or idea
  • Describe the steps they have to do to complete their outcome .Include requests for permission to use other people's ideas or propucts.
  • Identify the resources they could/will use to complete their outcome.

Outcome Development and Evaluation

Achievement Objective

  • Investigate a context to communicate potential outcomes. Evaluate these against attributes; select and develop an outcome in keeping with the identified attributes.

Indicators of Progression

  • Provide conceptual ideas (their own, or at least stated, if borrowed) that communicate possible outcomes.
  • Evaluate possible outcomes in terms of identified attributes and select an outcome to develop.
  • Develop an outcome in keeping with identified attributes. The name of the outcome should be original

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Level Four

Brief Development

Achievement Objective

  • Justify the nature (include details if any parts of this outcome design have been borrowed from an existing design or outcome) of an intended outcome in relation to the need or opportunity. Describe the key attributes. If the attributes are taken from an existing plan, then acknowledgement is required to be identified in stakeholder feedback, which will inform the development of an outcome and its evaluation.

Indicators of Progression

  • Identify an appropriate need or opportunity (appropriateness also refers to the sourcing of what is required for a successful outcome). Acknowledgement of, and required procedures for the use of existing plans and designs) to the established context and issue, and develop a conceptual statement to justify what they are developing and why.
  • Establish key attributes from initial information.
  • Undertake refinement and/or modification of their conceptual statement and key attributes as based on their developing knowledge and skills, including understandings of the context/issue and feedback from stakeholders.
  • Define key attributes that allow them, their teacher and stakeholders to evaluate the fitness for purpose of their outcome.

Planning for Practice

Achievement Objective

  • Undertake planning that includes reviewing the effectiveness of past actions and resourcing, exploring implications for future actions and accessing of resources (consider the sourcing of these resources as to whether or how they can be incorporated), and consideration of stakeholder feedback, to enable the development of an outcome.

Indicators of Progression

  • Explain and reflect on key stages and critical resources (procedures required for the use of existing ideas; plans and outcomes must be included or at least acknowledged) from their previous practice, and evaluate this in order to identify implications for future activities within their current practice.
  • Identify and explain links between their past and current practice, in terms of how they could impact on (either to assist or impair) the development of an outcome that reflects the brief requirements.
  • Plan to ensure stakeholder feedback is accessed and used to inform development work – particularly material selection.
  • Plan ahead, to ensure completion of outcome, and undertake effective documentation to support their practice.
  • Select and access the key resources (acknowledge source and appropriate procedures, including knowledge and skills) required to complete their outcome.

Outcome Development and Evaluation:

Achievement Objective

  • Investigate a context to develop ideas for feasible (original?) outcomes. Undertake functional modelling that takes account of stakeholder feedback, in order to select and develop the outcome that best addresses the key attributes. Incorporating stakeholder feedback, evaluate the outcome's fitness for purpose in terms of how well it addresses the need or opportunity.

Indicators of Progression

  • Determine suitability (include consideration of IP) of initial resources to enable the development of their outcome.
  • Develop (through research and functional modelling that includes feedback from stakeholders) (original?) conceptual ideas that communicate feasible outcomes that incorporate the established key attributes required to address the need or opportunity showing consideration of material availability and suitability.
  • Carry out ongoing reflection and functional modelling to test, evaluate and refine potential outcomes.
  • Develop an outcome that incorporates all key attributes established and addresses the identified need or opportunity using prototyping as appropriate.
  • Use stakeholder feedback as evidence to support the evaluation of their final outcome's fitness for purpose in terms of how it well it addresses the need or opportunity.

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Level Eight

Brief Development

Achievement Objective

  • Justify the nature of an intended outcome in relation to the context and the issue to be resolved. Justify specifications in terms of key stakeholder feedback and wider community considerations

Indicators of Progression

  • Critically evaluate a range of contexts and associated issues, to establish a feasible context and issue suitable for Technological Practice.
  • Explore the established issue to identify a need or opportunity that can be justified in terms of the physical and social environment of the context.
  • Develop a brief that:

    • clearly communicates an outcome that allows for the resolution or realisation of the need or opportunity and justifies this in terms of the wider context in which the issue sits;
    • reflects the opportunities and constraints on both the outcome and the practice to be undertaken.
  • Undertake brief refinement and/or modification as based on their developing skills and knowledge, including understandings of physical and social environment and feedback from key and wider community stakeholders.
  • Develop specifications that allow them, their teacher, and key and wider community stakeholders to evaluate the fitness for purpose of their outcome in its broadest sense.

Planning for Practice

Achievement Objective

  • Critically analyse their own and others' past and current planning and management practices in order to develop and employ project management practices that will ensure the efficient development of an outcome to completion.

Indicators of Progression

  • Develop an initial plan that allows for extensive exploratory work to establish a suitable context and issue, and subsequent need or opportunity to be determined and evaluated.
  • Carry out ongoing critical analyses and evaluation of their own and others' past and current planning, and self and team management practices.
  • Make informed projections about future activities that are supported by use of dynamic planning tools developed to manage, document and justify planning decisions in terms of the physical and social environment in which their brief is embedded.
  • Organise and evaluate learning experiences to gain new knowledge and skills identified in planning as being needed to develop their outcome.
  • Critically evaluate the management of learning activities, opportunities and/or constraints resulting from specific practices undertaken, and the management of resources in an ongoing manner throughout Technological Practice, and justify these, in terms of the physical and social environment in which their practice is occurring, to address the context and issue

Outcome Development and Evaluation

Achievement Objective

  • Critically analyse their own and others' outcomes and their determination of fitness for purpose in order to inform the development of ideas for feasible outcomes.
  • Undertake a critical evaluation that is informed by ongoing experimentation and functional modelling, stakeholder feedback, trialling in the physical and social environments, and an understanding of the issue as it relates to the wider context. Use the information gained to select, justify, and develop an outcome.
  • Evaluate this outcome's fitness for purpose against the brief. Justify the evaluation using feedback from stakeholders and demonstrating a critical understanding of the issue that takes account of all contextual dimensions.

Indicators of Progression

  • Carry out ongoing critical analyses of their own and others' outcomes, with particular regard to each outcome's fitness for purpose in the broadest sense, to inform their outcome's development.
  • Develop (through research and functional modelling justified by key, wider community stakeholders' feedback and historical and contemporary issues related to the context) conceptual ideas that communicate outcomes that are justifiable in terms of its fitness for purpose in the broadest sense.
  • Justify the suitability of materials to enable the development and production of an outcome appropriate to the physical and social environment in which it will be developed and placed, and clearly explaining the contribution selected resources make to their outcome's fitness for purpose (in the broadest sense).
  • Develop an outcome and justify key decisions through:

    • Informed functional modelling (based on developing knowledge and skills) that test, evaluate and refine their evolving outcome;
    • Prototyping to trial and evaluate their outcome within the physical and social environment in which it will be placed.
  • Critically evaluate their developing and final outcome's fitness for purpose against the brief, issue and context, using key and wider community stakeholder feedback to justify its fitness for purpose in the broadest sense.

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Developed for the Technology Online site from a study by Susan Corbett, Louise Starkey and Ann Bondy, Victoria University of Wellington

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